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Abstract


The Election of ‘Uthmân as the Caliph
When Abū Bakr became ill and was not able to lead the prayer any more, he appointed ‘Umar ibn al-Khattāb to lead the prayer. After that Abū Bakr consulted with some prominent sahabā and approved to assign ‘Umar in his place as caliph. Thus ‘Umar became the second caliph of the Muslims without any dispute. But although he was appointed by Abū Bakr, he did not adopt the method which Abū Bakr applied, and afterbthe attack on him he established the shūra council in order to elect the new caliph. In this work aimed to handle the election of ‘Uthmân as the Caliph, firstlyb to deal with the establishment of the shûrâ council by Umar, his assessments about the six companions who had been included to the shûrâ, and the first meeting of the shûrâ council before the death of Caliph Umar. Subsequently, to evaluate the narratives which are about the second meeting of the shûrâ council after the death of Caliph Umar. Lastly, to examine the election of ‘Uthmān and the attitude of shûrâ members in this process.

Keywords
Caliph ‘Umār, Caliph ‘Uthmān, Shūra (consultation), Caliphate


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