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Abstract


Burhan as a Term of Qur’an and Kalam
In the Qur’an, there are evidences to persuade Muslims and to persuade non- Muslims. Qur’an considered Muslims to perform mental actions as worship by thinking and contemplating. He accused non-Muslims of not using their minds. He accused non- Muslims of disuse their minds. According to the Qur’anic data, there is a priority of mental actions in the adoption and assimilation of faith. The Qur’anic scholars also called this commandment of the Qur’an, the nazar and the istidlal, and considered the verdict necessary for faith. In line with Qur'anic statements, evidence has been put forward for the purpose of consolidating the values of faith and advocating against unethical ones. According to the evidences, which are considered as two kinds of reason and thought, the predators that prioritize the intellectuals in the area other than semiyyat, used the evidence in the foundation of the belief subjects by emphasizing the burhan evidence. These faculties of theologians were inspired by the verses in which the term burhan in the Qur’an were included. As a matter of fact, it is understood that the verses containing the word burhan are predominantly. In this study, it is suggested that the term burhan it is a Quranic method in which theologians use a mental action to prove a faith subjects.

Keywords
Qur’an, Mind (aql), Kalam, Reason, Burhan.


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