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Abstract


On the Thought of “Helen-Ottoman Union” (in the Context of Athanasios Souliotis's Aciıvities in 1908-1912)
The idea of the Helen - Ottoman Union emerged in the first centuries of the establishment and rise of the Ottoman Empire. Some Greek ideologues, who saw Byzantine superior to all other civilizations, considered it possible to realize the Hellenic-Ottoman Union by accepting the Ottoman State, which replaced this empire, as “heir”. In the period when the struggles to seize the Ottoman lands were intensified before the First World War, the slogans of the Hellenistic-Ottoman Union were brought up among the subjects of Greek origin in the Ottoman Empire. In 1908-1912, Greek officer Athanasios Souliotis established a secret organization in Istanbul under the name “Organization of Constantinople”. To him; Greek and Turkish people had to unite within a confederation to preserve the originality of the Aegean world, and with the establishment of this confederation, the common nation - “Mediterranean Race” could emerge in the future. Like the Greek nationalists and the “Young Turks”, the supporters of Souliotis were also accepting the presence of only two nations in the region. This meant nothing but a national conflict in the Balkans and Anatolia, which had turned into a “boiling point” before the First World War. In the article; the activities of the Organization of Constantinople were investigated in the context of Athanasios Souliotis's political works in 1908-1912. The political and physical violence movements of the “Organization of Constantinople” against other peoples are shown as the reason for the “Hellenic - Ottoman Union” idea not to be realized.

Keywords
Helen, Ottoman, Turks, Greeks, Souliotis.


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