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Abstract


The Liberal Republican Party from a Viewpoint of its Reflections in the Turkish Press and in the Context of the Local Elections of 1930
In Turkish political life, another opposition party that was established after the Progressive Republican Party was the Liberal Republican Party (LRP). The LRP was founded on 12 August 1930 by Fethi (Okyar) Bey upon the suggestions of President Mustafa Kemal Pasha. Along with other developments which had been being experienced in the country in the political and economic sphere, factors external to the country also came into play in the foundation of the new party. Receiving great support all across the country in a short span of time and setting off with a liberal program, the LRP began to be represented in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey (GNAT) by the members of parliament that resigned from the Republican People’s Party. The LRP was able to start advocating its views more effectively as Fethi Bey won the parliamentary elections held in Gümüşhane and received a seat in the GNAT. As long as the LRP remained in the political arena, it was supported most notably by the newspapers Yarın and Son Posta as well as Hizmet, Yeni Asır and Serbest Cumhuriyet. On the other hand, other newspapers of the period such as Cumhuriyet, Hakimiyeti Milliye, Vakit, Milliyet and Akşam were situated in opposition to the LRP with their news in favor of the ruling party. The focus of the press on the party was augmented by the fact that the LRP completed its formation phase and decided to participate in the local elections held in 1930, thereby planning its activities in accordance with this. Besides, the importance of the elections was enhanced by the fact that women were to use for the first time the right to be candidates for municipal councillorship positions and to vote. For this reason, I try to provide in this study an account of the process toward the local elections of 1930, which were a topic of interest in the local and national press, and the developments that took place after the elections.

Keywords
The Liberal Republican Party, Press, 1930, Local Elections, Democracy


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