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Abstract


Origin of Priesthood in the Catholic Church and Priesthood of Women in the Framework of Vatican Declerations
The instution of the priesthood, which is believed to function as a mediator between the secular life and the religious life, is a fact that takes place in many religions. But this institution has great importance for Christianity. The member of this religion sees the celergy as a representative of Jesus Christ on earth. In Christianity, the root of priesthood is based on the tradition of Christian mission being handed over to the disciples by Jesus. According to New Testament at the begining of his mission, Jesus chose twelve people from among those who believed him and called them apostle and directed them various mission activities. According to Christian faith Jesus, who rose after the crucifixion, appeared to his apostles and appointed them to continue the mission (John 20/21-23). In this way apostles had the authority on behalf of Jesus. With the transfer of this authority to the next generation by apostles, institution of priesthood was formed in church and continue to until today. According to Christianity, that the Church has maintened the Jesus’s duty on earth by receiving the right means from the Jesus Christ to perform the divine duty properly, thus representing the divine authority. So the clergy has important duties in the performance and execution of the religious life. However, according to the Catholic Church, it is not possible that the appointment of the women to the church because Jesus gives this duty only to men.Catholic Church does not see itself as authorized to appointment of women because priesthood is an institution founded by Jesus. In this study I will explain the origin of the sense of priesthood and in this framework priestly ordination of women according to the Catholic Church.

Keywords
Christianity, Catholic Church, Priesthood, Clergy, Women’s Priesthood.


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