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Abstract


Kaptan-ı Deryâ Kaymak Mustafa Pasha's Reconstruction Activities in Istanbul
Kaymak Mustafa Pasha was a statesman who assumed different duties within the Ottoman bureaucracy at the beginning of the 18th century. Mustafa Pasha, also known with his titles Kaptan-ı Derya and Jumper, became famous mainly as the son-in-law of Nevşehirli Damat Ibrahim Pasha, the grand vizier of the period. He was matrilineal descendent of Merzifonlu Kara Mustafa Pasha, the famous grand vizier, and patrimonial descendant of Ibrahim Pasha, the Guard of Egypt. Kaymak Mustafa Pasha assumed the position of Kaptan-ı Derya (Admiral in Chief) in AD 1721 and continued until AD 1730. Kaymak Mustafa Pasha, one of the prominent figures of the period called as the “Lâle Devri (Tulip Era)” in Ottoman history, was murdered in the bloody Patrona Halil rebellion that broke out in 1730. The information obtained from his foundations and his works available today indicate that Kaymak Mustafa Pasha was engaged in reconstruction activities mainly in Istanbul and in Çanakkale, Gallipoli, Denizli, Izmir, Lesbos and Chios. All of these works were built during the period when Kaymak Mustafa Pasha was assuming the position of Admiral in Cihef. Most of the works that he built in various districts of Istanbul remain in existence. However, his waterside residence in Anadoluhisarı and his mansion in Sarı Beyazid Neighborhood have not survived to the present day. Among his surviving works, the Garden Mosque with Tower and its Fountain in Çengelköy, Kaptan Paşa Mosque and its Fountain in Üsküdar, and his mosque, mektab (school) and fountain in Kasımpaşa were addressed in this study.

Keywords
Kaymak Mustafa Pasha, Kaptan-ı Derya (Admiral in Chief), Üsküdar, Kuleli, Lâle Devri (Tulip Era)


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