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The Music Teacher Candidates’ Views on the Use of Fourth Finger in the String Instruments: A Qualitative Study
Starting from the beginning of instrument training, it is important to prevent the formation of the wrong habits learned by intervening in the problems that may arise in the technical habits of students such as holding and posture. Wrong technical behaviors on the left hand during daily instrument practices constitute an important dimension of string instrument education with negative results. These problems include a variety of problems, such as the difficulty in obtaining qualified sound from the instrument, the negative impact on the clear intonation, the early fatigue of the player and the thought of failure. The use of the fourth finger (4P) on the left hand in the string instrument is the subject of various discussionsAnatomically, it can be said that the fourth finger is weak compared to the other fingers. There is a need for determining whether this opinion is accepted by students or whether it is a myth. In addition to this, the unique views of the students about using fourth finger can help to discuss various educational issues and help to develop new proposals. In this study, it is aimed to reveal the opinions of the students about the fourth finger usage in instrument education. The data gathered by semi-structured interview questions were determined by qualitative research techniques and interpreted by referring to the literature. Positive and negative affective factors for 4P use came to the fore in the study. It was also determined that the music teacher candidates developed resistance and avoidance strategies in the use of 4P and had opinions about 4P competence. An important finding of the study was the presentation of various problem-solving suggestions on the subject with a rich distribution by prospective music teachers.

String İnstrument Education, Musical İnstrument Practice, Fourth Finger, Qualitative Research.

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