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Abstract


Şirvan Khan Haji Davud, His Political Struggle, Life In Exile And Family
At the end of the 17th century, the Russian Empire had decided to seize the Caucasus to the shores of the Caspian and walk on Safevid State. During the first quarter of the 18th century, Russians made progress toward the realization of this policy. In the same period, the Ottoman Empire, who failed in the battles in the west, in response to its lost territories in Europe after 1718 dated Passarowitz Treaty, and the weakened Safavid Empire and the Russians progress, started to be interested across the region and came on politics to acquire territory in the east. While the Ottoman Empire fought against Safevians and Russia, Shirvan Khan Hacı Davud Khan, who fought against Russian and Safevian with the same purpose, took refuge in the Ottomans. The Ottoman Empire, in 1722, declared dominion over the State of Shirvan Khanate. The Khanate of Haji Davud Khan was accepted, and with name-i humayun dated January 8, 1723, Shirvan Khanate as an imperial homeland was officially given to Mr. Haji Davud. Haji Davud Khan, just like Khan of Crimea, became a vassal ruler. However, he was not pleased with the relevant provisions of the Treaty of Istanbul about Shirvan dated June 24, 1724 made with the Russians. Therefore, disregarding the provisions of the treat, he began to act independently. The Ottoman Empire, to resolve the matter, with a namah-i humayun dated 21 April 1728, demanded Haji Davud Khan and his family to leave the place where they lived and reside in Gence. Haji Dawood Khan could not stay more in Gence and about five and a half months later, on October 5, 1728, his four sons, two brothers and the whole family was exiled to Rhodes. Then, with his family, he was transferred to Gallipoli. During the exile, he and his family were shown care not to hurt and all their costs were met. After his death, rents of family members were paid and salaries was continued to be paid each month.
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Keywords
the 18th century, Safevids, Russians, Shirvan Khanate, Haji Davud Khan.


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